The first cultivation of the vine date back to the Roman colony when vast hilly areas were stripped of trees to plant the vines. The term means Cesanese wine produced in "caesae", i.e. "places they cut trees." The coat of arms of Affile is just a branch of a vine of black grapes with an asp coiled along the trunk. The grapevine was a very important element in the economic life of Affile and this wine was also popular during the Middle Ages in the neighbouring Benedictine monasteries. It is said that women of Affile wrapped up cuttings (young plants) as a dowry when they married someone of the neighbouring countries. In the thirties the Affile Cesanese won the gold medal as the best wine in exhibitions in Paris and Brussels.